EU Legislative Procedure
In the EU, there are two decision-making process:
- The ordinary Procedure (co-decision)
- The extraordinary Procedure
The majority of EU legislation is adopted under the ordinary procedure, which associates the EU Parliament and the EU Council in the decision-making process.
This ordinary procedure has six steps:
- First step - the Proposal: EU Commission publish a proposal of EU Legislation and send it to the EU Parliament and the Council
- Second step - First reading: EU Parliament read the proposal and adopts in plenary a position, after having listened to the Reports of the Rapporteurs of the concerned committees. The Parliament's Position can contain amendments. Then the Council read the position of the EU Parliament and can accept or reject the amendments proposed, and also adopts a Position. EU Commission can also give an opinion to the Report of the Council.
- Third step - Second Reading: EU Parliament reads the amended proposal of the Council and can accept the amendments as such, or propose some others. Then the Council read the position of the EU Parliament and can accept or reject the new amendments proposed. If the Council approves all Parliament's amendments, the act is adopted and is then signed and published. But, If the Council does not accept all Parliament's amendments, a Conciliation procedure is launched.
- Fourth step - the Conciliation Procedure: A conciliation committee is convened. It is composed of representatives of the 27 Member States and of the European Parliament (respecting the different political groups). The Counciliation Committee has six weeks to find a compromise and ro propose a text for third reading. If it failed, the proposal is dropped.
- Fifth Step - Third Reading: When a conciliation could have been found, the new text is sent back to the Parliament and to the Council for third reading and vote.
- Sixth Step - Adoption of the Legislation: Once the text voted in the EU Parliament, it is signed by the President of the EU Parliament and the President of the Council and then published.